LANDSCAPE PARK KOLPA

Landscape Park Kolpa

Size: 4,331 ha

Year of foundation: 
1998 / 2006

Founder:
Municipality of Črnomelj 1998 / Government of Republic of Slovenia 2006

Administration:
Public Institute of the Kolpa Regional Park

Importance:
80  natural values / the whole area of the park is of ecological importance, part of it is Natura 2000  area and Natura 2000 are (SPA) for 12 animal species and 4 habitat types

International importance:
EDEN 2010 – Kolpa River

Cultivated Landscape at the Kolpa River

The exceptional nature at the River Kolpa is complemented by the rich cultural heritage, an interesting history and the inhabitants, who have given it a special mark. Once you bask in the beauty of the exceptional Bela krajina river – the Kolpa, the silver birches, the ferns, the grasslands and the hills, you never forget them again.

The Kolpa in Autumn Colours
Adlešiči Easter Eggs ‘pisanice’
A dam on the Kolpa
White-tailed eagle
Sheep farming
The Swallowtail

The most important part of the Kolpa Landscape Park, which is located in the south of the country, is the clean, warm and biodiverse River Kolpa, which changes its character several times during its flow: from a mountain torrent to a lazy flat country river. Not only flooded plains and steep hills, there are also the Bela krajina ferns stretching along the borderline river, which contain a rich fauna and flora, as well as more than 70 natural values and 16 natural monuments. The area also boasts the presence of large wild animals: the bear, the wolf and the lynx.

The typical mark is given to the park by the mosaic cultural landscape with its sinkholes, grasslands and orchards, and mostly by the inhabitants, who have preserved the rich heritage. Among the 42 cultural monuments the Marindol Ferns stand out — they intertwine nature and the cultural landscape and are a product of human activity. The typical Bela krajina landscape is overgrown with ferns, silver birches and junipers.

Besides the rich architectural heritage, including old castles, churches, chapels and workshops, at the river there are also the ruins of 16 mills and sawmills. Some still defy the ravages of time and in three of them the millwheel still occasionally runs to grind grain, so visitors can see the work process. The cultural heritage of the Kolpa area is also indicated in non-material cultural heritage (songs, dances, and customs).

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Javni zavod
Krajinski park Kolpa

Adlešiči 15
8341 Adlešiči

Landscape Park Kolpa

 

SIGHTS
  • The 297km long flow of the clean and warm River Kolpa is extremely biodiverse. There are 39 recorded species of fish, and some of them cannot be found in other Slovenian waters.
  • Part of the Kolpa Regional Park is also the only strict nature reserve in Slovenia, the unique Oak Forest, which is actually a beech forest, where the largest colony of grey herons nest.
  • The bow in the park’s logo represents a young fern in the form of a coil, which peeks out of the ground in early spring. The ferns are the most typical undergrowth in Bela krajina, and the clayey terracotta colour of the logo represents the colour of these ferns. A similar sign was also painted on the more than 100-year-old Adlešiči painted Easter eggs.
  • The Bela krajina Easter Eggs, which come from Adlešiči, are not coloured, but painted and are thus called painted Easter eggs – ‘pisanice’. The Adlešiči painted Easter eggs are recorded in the register of living cultural heritage.

ACTIVITIES

  • Theme Trail
  • Swimming in the river

TRIP IDEAS